Number of people with hypertension doubled worldwide in 30 years: Lancet study

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

The number of adults living with hypertension worldwide has doubled over the past 30 years, with most of this increase occurring in low- and middle-income countries, according to a study published in The Lancet journal. The international team of researchers analysed blood pressure measurements from more than 100 million people aged 30-79 years taken over three decades in 184 countries. They found that the number of people with hypertension rose from an estimated 331 million women and 317 million men in 1990 to 626 million women and 652 million men in 2019. Despite being straightforward to diagnose and relatively easy to treat with low-cost drugs, nearly half of people with hypertension worldwide in 2019 were unaware of their condition, the researchers said. Also more than half of women (53 per cent) and men (62 per cent) with the condition were not treated, they said. Despite medical and pharmacological advances over decades, global progress in hypertension management has been slow, and the vast majority of people with hypertension remain untreated, with large disadvantages in low- and middle-income countries, said Professor Majid Ezzati, Imperial College London, UK, the senior author of the study. Our analysis has revealed good practice in diagnosing and treating hypertension not just in high-income countries but also in middle-income countries, Ezzati said. The authors noted that large improvements in treatment and control rates seen in some middle-income countries show that the expansion of universal health coverage and strengthening primary care have been instrumental in improving high blood pressure care. High blood pressure is directly linked to more than 8.5 million deaths worldwide each year and is the leading risk factor for stroke, ischaemic heart disease, other vascular diseases, and renal disease. Lowering blood pressure can cut the number of strokes by 35-40 per cent, heart attacks by 20-25 per cent, and heart failure by around 50 per cent. Hypertension was defined as having systolic blood pressure of 140 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or greater, and diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, or taking medication for high blood pressure. The amount of pressure in the arteries during the contraction of heart muscle is called systolic pressure. The blood pressure when the heart muscle is between beats is called diastolic pressure. Modelling was used to estimate prevalence of hypertension and the proportion of people with hypertension who had a previous diagnosis, were taking medication for hypertension, and whose hypertension was controlled to below 140\/90 mm Hg, by country, year, and age. The global age-standardised prevalence of hypertension in adults has remained largely unchanged over the past 30 years – with around a third of the adult population worldwide living with hypertension in 1990 and 2019, the researchers said. The rates have dropped sharply in high-income countries, but have increased or remained unchanged in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially those in Oceania, they said. Canada and Peru had the lowest proportion of people living with hypertension in 2019 at around 1 in 4, according to the study. Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, and some countries in western Europe including Switzerland, Spain, and the UK had the lowest hypertension rates in women, while Eritrea, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and the Solomon Islands had the lowest rates in men. At the other extreme, more than half of women had hypertension in Paraguay and Tuvalu in 2019, and over half of men in Argentina, Paraguay, Tajikistan and several countries in central and eastern Europe, the researchers found. Treatment and control have improved in most countries since 1990, with particularly large improvements seen in high-income countries like Canada, Iceland, and South Korea, they said. However, there has been little change in LMICs in sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania, Nepal, and Indonesia. Low detection and treatment rates that persist in the worlds poorest nations, coupled with the rising number of people who have hypertension, will shift an increasing share of the burden of vascular and kidney diseases to sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and south Asia, said study co-author Leanne Riley from WHO, Switzerland. Improving the capacity of these countries to detect and treat hypertension as part of primary health care and universal health coverage must be accelerated, Riley added. The authors noted that while the study provides the first comparable estimates of blood pressure prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and control in adults for all countries of the world, it may be affected by a lack of data in some countries, especially in Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa.

Seeking personal loan from an app? Here’s why your application may be rejected

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

Looking for a personal loan? These days several personal loan apps claim to provide easy and quick approvals for personal loans. However, many times loan applications are rejected by these apps for various reasons. These may include insufficient documents, a low credit score, or not meeting the eligibility criteria. According to Yogi Sadana, CEO, CASHe, the documents required by a personal loans app are minimal. Having proper documents is a crucial step in successfully applying for a quick loan. Before sending the loan request, the borrower needs to go through the documentation requirement list carefully and prepare the documents. Apps like CASHe will ask the borrower to submit their identity proof, address proof, and income proof. The borrower must make sure that they have at least one document in each category. Once the documents are submitted, the lender will review and notify the borrower about their application status, Sadana told FE Online. Got a job? Know how to invest in your 20s to be really wealthy in your 30s Many banks or financial institutions also reject a borrower The higher the credit scores, the better the chances that their loan will be approved. So, before applying for a loan, the borrower should check his\/her credit score and try to improve it. If they (borrowers) have a low credit score, before applying for a personal loan online, we suggest that they try and improve their score. Paying off your outstanding credit on time and not over-using your credit card will help, said Sadana. Loan applications are also rejected if the borrower doesnt have a job or a steady flow of income. One of the prerequisites of the personal loan app is that the borrower is a salaried individual. If the borrower doesn Sadana suggested that if the borrower is not employed or in between jobs, s\/he should avoid applying for a loan. If they have another source of income like rental income or investments in which they get monthly returns, that might also help them in their loan request getting considered. ALSO READ | The rising cost of luxury: Prices of expensive homes, cars, goods compared to 2010 levels Also, their employer should ideally be an MCA-registered company. It is important that they submit the salary slip for 3 to 6 months, which means they need to be in a particular organization for that period, he said. Apart from the documents and the income details, one has to be eligible as per other criteria mentioned by the personal loan app. The borrower should be in between the required age group to avail the personal loan. Besides being a resident of India, they need to check if the loan app provides personal loans online in their city. Factors considered while screening loan applications Lending platforms would want to know that the borrower has the capacity to pay back what they borrow, and as such, they need to see that the borrower has sufficient and consistent income. The income requirements vary based on the amount they borrow, but typically, if they are borrowing more money, lenders will need to see a higher income to feel confident that the borrower can keep up with the payments. Secondly, the lending platforms also consider the borrower They will look at their monthly debt obligations as a percentage of their monthly income. Lenders would obviously like to see a low debt-to-income ratio, and if the borrower Most of the lenders often look the borrower A low credit history indicates a borrower This usually holds back many lenders because theres a chance they may not get back what they lent the borrowers, said Sadana. Lastly, providing the necessary documentation

Digitas India appoints Shourya Chaudhuri as senior creative director

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

Digitas India, the global marketing and technology services brand from Publicis Groupe, has announced the appointment of Shourya Ray Chaudhuri as senior creative director. In the new role, Chaudhuri will be based out of Bangalore and will be responsible for strengthening and growing the creative capabilities across Bangalore and Mumbai regions. He will report into Mark McDonald, EVP and head of creative, Digitas India. Chaudhuri joins the agency from Tonic Worldwide where he was managing partner and creative head, managing some of the key brands for over three and half years. He has also worked for agencies such as Saatchi Saatchi, Interactive Avenues and Wavemaker managing brands like ABInBev, Arvind, SpiceJet, Enamor, ITC, Titan, Infosys, Toyota, Mead Johnson, Oberoi Group, Murugappa Group among others. As a connected marketing agency with capabilities spanning experience, content and campaigns, the ability to play well with data, strategy, media and technology is crucial, and Shourya has the perfect creative mindset to do just that, At Digitas India, I loved the people I interacted with, be it Mark McDonald, Unny Radhakrishnan or Sonia Khurana. From these interactions, the pursuit of the agency was clear That would also be my core responsibility Read Also: Dentsu India\u2019s CEO Anand Bhadkamkar steps down from his role Read Also: Publicis Groupe appoints Varun Shah as EVP and head of Prodigious India and Content Factory India Follow us onTwitter,Instagram,LinkedIn,Facebook

DCGI directs manufacturers to follow procedure for regularisation of 31 FDCs declared as rational out of 294 FDCs

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) has directed manufacturers to follow a procedure for regularisation of 31 Fixed Dose Combinations (FDCs) declared as rational out of the 294 FDCs as per the recommendations of Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB). As per the report of DTAB dated April 13, 2021 and recommendations of subcommittee of DTAB as approved, 31 FDCs have been considered as rational under 294 FDCs category. These FDCs were licensed to manufacture and market by the State Licensing Authorities (SLAs) without prior approval from the DCGI. The DCGI has directed all concerned stakeholders for submission of application in Form CT-21 as per the defined pathway for clearance of the cases. It has also been urged to ensure that product license in respect of these 31 FDCs are issued after the approval of DCGI in favour of the applicant. The drug regulator had in February 27, 2019 and September 8, 2020, issued letters with detailed pathways for obtaining permission from the directorate for 83 FDCs and subsequently three FDCs were declared as rational. It has said that all the manufacturers who are already holding licenses from SLA for the 31 FDCs and did not obtain NOC from DCGI are required to submit their applications to this directorate at the earliest within six months. The list of these 31 FDCs include Amoxicillin+ Cloxacillin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Amoxycillin+ Clavulanic acid+ Lactic acid bacillus, Amoxycillin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Amoxycillin+ Lactobacillus acidophilus Flucloxacillin Sodium, Ampicillin+ Cloxacillin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Ampicillin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Calcium dobesilate+ Lignocaine+ Hydrocortisone 8. Cefadroxyl+ Lactic acid bacillus, Cefdinir+ Lactic acid bacillus, Cefixime+ Lactic acid bacillus, Cefixime+ Lactobacillus+ Dicloxacillin, Cefpodoxime prozetil+ Lactic acid bacillus, Cefpodoxime+ Cloxacillin+ Lactobacillus, Cefprozil+ Lactobacillus, Cepodoxime+ Cloxacillin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Dicyclomine+ Ranitidine, Domperidone+ Paracetamol, Domperidone+ Paracetamol+ Tramadol, Doxycycline+ Lactobacillus, Drotaverine+ Nimesulide, Drotaverine+ Paracetamol, Lincomycin+ Lactobacillus, Ofloxacin+ Lactic acid bacillus, Ondansetron+ Ranitidine, Torsemide+ Spironolactone, Allantoin+Dimethicone +Methylparaben+ Propylparaben, Aloe vera+Vit-e acetate, Aloe+ Tocopherol, Aloevera+Glycerine+PEG 100, Ampicillin+Flucloxacillin Sodium Salt and Ampicillin+Flucloxacillin Sodium Salt+ Lactobacillus Acidophilus.

Tata’s Tetley, Vahdam tea bring fusion products to wellness segment

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

The Indian tea industry is trying to cut out a niche in the $2-trillion global wellness industry, launching new products with an infusion of herbs and an array of spices useful for more immunity and health benefits. While Tata Consumer Products Tetley has launched Tetley Immune Green with added vitamin C, which supports the immune system, Vahdam has already come out with a range of turmeric tea, which is organic, caffeine-free and immunity-boosting. Punnet Das, product president (packaged beverages India and South Asia) of Tata Consumer said, Tetley is amongst the early players in India that have disrupted the green tea category with innovation. Speaking to FE, Bala Sarda, CEO of Vahdam Tea said that off late the company has introduced a range of turmeric tea. There is an increasing trend globally among the people the aged between 20 and 45 to shift towards immunity-boosting wellness branded tea. Such shift would contribute to the growth of the wellness industry in India, Sarda said. A Vahdam official citing a recent Stanford Research Institute study said the global wellness market at present has been pegged at $ 2 trillion, whereas the market size for the Indian wellness industry has been pegged at $9.8 billion, below 2%, of the global wellness industry size. The market for the wellness segment in India has picked up post-Covid -19 outbreak but wellness has been more sensational in the European, American and East Asian markets than in the rest of the world. Though Tata Consumers Products and Vahdam didnt want to comment on the market size the segment would grab, industry observers felt, the segment in India was expected to grow at a CAGR of 3-4%.

Deadlier, more transmissible COVID variant ‘C.1.2’ detected in South Africa! Has it reached India yet?

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

A new covid variant has been detected by scientists which is said to be potentially more transmissible compared to previous known variants. This deadly variant called C.1.2 has been found in South Africa and some other countries as well. The PTI report suggests that C.1.2 variant, deemed to be a variant of interest was first detected by scientists from National Institute for communicable diseases (NICD) and the Kwazulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform (KRISP) in South Africa this year in May (2021). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines a variant of interest as a This newly discovered variant has more mutations than other variants of concern that have been detected worldwide so far. This variant could be highly transmissible and can cause severe diseases among those who catches it, Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, senior consultant, internal medicine was quoted as saying to the Indian Express Is it deadlier than the Delta variant? It is slightly soon to say if the variant is more deadly\/ contagious than the already existing Delta variants, Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, additional director and HOD, pulmonology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad told to the Indian Express. The data available so far suggests that it is not as infective and deadly as the Delta variant C.1.2 variant in India The government has so far recorded no such cases of new variants, according to news agency ANI. The variant is not increasing in circulation yet but it is advisable to maintain proper hygiene and safe social distancing measures by the people, advises Dr Chatterjee. Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, technical head, World Health Organisation (WHO) took to Twitter on August 30 and addressed the concern about the C.1.2 variant. In the tweet, she wrote that WHO has been in constant touch with South African researchers regarding the follow up of sequencing throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Quick thread on the C.1.2 variant that has been in the news and on twitter today We have the tools to prevent infections, reduce the spread save lives – lets use them. Keep reading It is also critically important to understand the evolution of this virus, in fighting COVID-19 adapting strategies as needed she wrote.

Sebi comes out with new framework for liquidity enhancement schemes

2015年12月29日 0 Comments

Markets regulator Sebi on Wednesday eased framework pertaining to time period for introducing liquidity enhancement schemes on securities by stock exchanges. The regulator, in 2014, permitted stock exchanges to introduce liquidity enhancement schemes in equity cash and equity derivatives segments to enhance liquidity in illiquid securities. Based on the experience of stock exchanges, it has been decided to modify the framework, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) said in a circular. Under the new rule, Sebi said that stock exchange can introduce liquidity enhancement schemes on any security. Once the scheme is discontinued, the scheme can be re-introduced on the same security. Earlier, stock exchanges were allowed to introduce liquidity enhancement schemes on any security for a maximum period of three years. Once the scheme was discontinued, the scheme could be re-introduced on the same security provided it was less than the three year period since the introduction of scheme on that security. In addition, Sebi said scheme shall have prior approval of the governing board of the stock exchange which will be valid for one year. The governing board of the stock exchange may give yearly approval till the time the scheme is in operation, it added. Further, its implementation and outcome will be monitored by the governing board at quarterly intervals. Earlier, a prior approval of the stock exchanges board was required for introduction of liquidity enhancement schemes and its implementation and outcome was monitored by the board at quarterly interval. Under the liquidity enhancement scheme, brokers and other market intermediaries are given incentives for a specified period of time to bring in liquidity and generate investor interest in securities which have limited trading activity.

FM Sitharaman to meet CEOs of public sector banks tomorrow to review financial performance

2015年12月22日 0 Comments

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will meet heads of public sector banks (PSBs) on Wednesday to review the financial performance of the lenders and progress made by them in supporting the pandemic-hit economy, sources said. The meeting with MD and CEOs of PSBs assumes significance given the importance of the banking sector in generating demand and boosting consumption. Recently, the finance minister had said the government is ready to do everything required to revive and support economic growth hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. The meeting is expected to take stock of the banking sector and progress on the restructuring 2.0 scheme announced by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the sources said, adding that banks may be nudged to push loan growth in productive sectors. The revamped Rs 4.5 lakh crore Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) would also be reviewed during the meeting likely to be held in Mumbai, the sources said. Besides, the finance minister is expected to take stock of the bad loans or non-performing assets (NPAs) situation, and discuss various recovery measures by banks, they said. As a result of the government At the same time, comprehensive steps were taken to control and to effect recovery in NPAs, which enabled PSBs to recover Rs 5,01,479 crore over the last six financial years, the government informed Parliament recently. Besides, Sitharaman is expected to declare the results of Ease 3.0 Index for 2020-21, they said, adding that PSBs would be rated on various indexes for the year. Launched in January 2018, Enhanced Access and Service Excellence (Ease) is the common reform agenda for all public sector banks aimed at institutionalising clean and smart banking.

India vs England 4th Test, Day 1: Shardul Thakur lone bright spot in yet another Indian batting collapse

2015年12月22日 0 Comments

Shardul Thakurs counter-attacking half-century wasnt good enough to save the Indian batting from another embarrassment before Jasprit Bumrahs menacing opening spell kept the visitors on an even keel against England on the opening day of the fourth Test. At stumps, England were 53 for 3 in response to Indias 191, having lost openers Rory Burns (5) and Haseeb Hameed (0) to the extra pace and bounce generated by Bumrah (6-2-15-2). Umesh Yadav (6-1-15-1) then bowled an off-cutter in his second spell to breach in-form Joe Root (21)s defence which helped the visitors end the day on a high note. Also Read Justifying his tag as a bowling all-rounder, Shardul smashed 57 off 36 balls and added 63 for the eighth wicket with Umesh to take the total closer to 200 which had looked improbable after another brain fade dismissal from Rishabh Pant. India lasted just 61.3 overs with Cheteshwar Pujara (10) and especially Ajinkya Rahanes (14) failures becoming glaring enough and couldnt be papered over by skipper Virat Kohli (50 off 96 balls), who played some gorgeous strokes en route his half-century. Save couple of half-centuries, none of the Indian batters crossed the 20-run mark. For England, Chris Woakes (15-6-55-4) was splendid in his comeback game and no praise would be enough for the fast-rising Ollie Robinson (17.3-9-38-3), who bowled a couple of beauties to get rid of KL Rahul and Kohli. Anderson bowled one of his classic in-out (swinging in and shaping out) delivery to send Pujara back and Rahane was Overtons victim with Moeen Ali not even required to bowl a single over. With Ravichandran Ashwin being sidelined for the fourth time, the logic of playing Ravindra Jadeja as a batting all-rounder has partially backfired after team management promoted him to No 5 ahead of Rahane and the move flopped big time. For Rahane, the time is simply running out after yet another failure and the fact that he needed to be hid behind Jadeja under the pretence of having a left-right combination, said it all. As far as Pujara is concerned, an expert of Sunil Gavaskars stature has pointed out that his dismissals are a result of technical problems with hands moving towards the ball with minimal feet movement. Anderson got one to nip back in the air as the batsman shaped to play an inswinger and by the time it landed it moved a shade away to take Pujaras outside edge. The balance was all awry and result was a simple catch to Bairstow behind the stumps. The skipper was the only one among the three middle-order big guns who looked like batting with some purpose. There were flowing cover drives, a picturesque on-drive but when Robinson came back for his post-lunch spell and bowled one on the length which climbed as well as moved inward forcing Kohli to close the bat face for a shot towards mid-wicket. But all it did was to clip the outside edge into Bairstows gloves. If promoting Jadeja was a poor call from captain, its about time that his young turk Pant (9) gets a rap on the knuckles for his distinct lack of game awareness which has been visible throughout this English summer. Just when the situation needed some discretion from him, he was regularly charging out without much results and the wily Woakes got his number with a slower delivery, keeping the mid-off back. It was then left to Shardul, who just trusted the bounce and hit through the line just when the pitch got a bit better. A six over long-off, one over deep mid-wicket and best – a pull-shoot off Robinson to bring up his second half-century had the crowd in raptures. It added some muscle to Indias score but not enough for the bowlers to go out with a free mind. When India bowled, Bumrah bowled one that had extra bounce with inward movement after pitching which Burns dragged back to his stumps. Hameed got one on the off-stump that climbed on him as he tried to slash it but Pant took a smart catch to make it wicket No 99 for Bumrah. However after a few loose deliveries, Umesh brought joy back into the India camp with Roots wicket in the penultimate over.

Industry working with RBI on secured card data storage: Payments Council of India

2015年12月15日 0 Comments

Payment industry stakeholders are working with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to develop solutions for smooth checkouts on card-based payments, starting January 2022, industry body Payments Council of India (PCI) said on Wednesday. The idea behind this is to ensure that customers paying online continue to enjoy the convenience of not keying in all their card details each time they make a payment. At present, customers can choose to save their card details with payment aggregators (PAs) and payment gateways (PGs). That system of faster checkouts was expected to change next year with the regulator On March 31, 2020, the RBI had issued a notification directing payment system providers and participants to put in place workable solutions such as tokenisation to enhance the security of storage of customers PCI said it has shared with the RBI the principles which can be adopted by the industry to develop such secure card on file solutions. Solutions being worked upon would not require the customers to enter their card number manually every time they make an online purchase, The solutions will adhere to the security checks, controls and frameworks prescribed by the RBI, the association added.